How do gynoecious cucumber varieties differ from other varieties?

Question: 

How do gynoecious cucumber varieties differ from other varieties?

Answer: 

Cucumbers and other vine crops are monoecious.  Monoecious plants have separate male and female flowers on the same plant.  Male and female flowers are similar in appearance.  However, the female flowers have small, immature fruits at their base.  Pollen is transferred from the male to the female flowers by bees and other pollinators.  When properly pollinated and fertilized, the female flowers develop into fruit.  The first flowers to appear on cucumbers and other vine crops are usually male.  Female flowers appear shortly thereafter. 

Gynoecious varieties are special hybrids which produce predominantly female flowers.  Seeds of a standard monoecious variety are commonly included in the seed packet to ensure adequate pollination.  (The seeds of the monoecious variety may be dyed or placed in a separate packet.)  Gynoecious varieties often outproduce standard varieties when a pollenizer (monoecious variety) is present. 

Learn more in this article: Growing Cucumbers in the Home Garden

Tags: 

Links to this article are strongly encouraged, and this article may be republished without further permission if published as written and if credit is given to the author, Horticulture and Home Pest News, and Iowa State University Extension and Outreach. If this article is to be used in any other manner, permission from the author is required. This article was originally published on . The information contained within may not be the most current and accurate depending on when it is accessed.