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Need to know
- Ash rust is a common fungal disease that impacts all species of ash trees and relatives.
- Infected leaves, petioles, and small twigs swell and may become twisted and distorted, with yellow to orange pustules developing and producing powdery spores.
- Ash rust is caused by the fungus Puccinia fraxinata.
- Although it is unsightly, ash rust is not a serious threat to the tree's health, and because of this, control measures are not usually necessary.
Overview of ash rust
Ash rust is a common fungal disease of all species of ash trees. The disease is rarely destructive enough to warrant special control measures.
Symptoms of ash rust
Infected leaves, petioles, and small twigs swell and may become twisted and distorted. The canker-like areas on twigs and petioles may lead to the browning of leaves in the early summer.
Signs of ash rust
Yellow to orange pustules develop and produce powdery spores. Ash rust is caused by the fungus Puccinia fraxinata. The spores of the fungus, yellow-orange in color, appear over the swollen areas.
Disease cycle of ash rust
The spores produced on ash are incapable of reinfecting ash but infecting the marsh and cord grasses, the alternative hosts of this rust fungus. The fungus overwinters on these grasses and infects ash during warm wet weather in the spring.
Type of Sample Needed for Diagnosis and Confirmation
The Iowa State University Plant & Insect Diagnostic Clinic can help you investigate and confirm if your plant has this disease. Please see our website for current forms, fees, and instructions on collecting and packing samples. Contact information for each state's diagnostic laboratory for U.S. residents. If your sample is from outside of Iowa, please do not submit it to the Plant & Insect Diagnostic Clinic without contacting us.
Want to submit a sample? Follow the instructions at Submitting Trees and Shrubs.
Management of ash rust
Although it is unsightly, ash rust is not a serious threat to the tree's health. Because of this, control measures are not usually necessary. Heavy infection may stress a young tree and make it more susceptible to winter injury. Cultural practices that reduce stress, such as watering during dry periods or mulching, can help to improve tree vigor.
Fungicide applications may be avoided by following good Integrated Pest Management practices like those listed in this encyclopedia article. Often, the only preventative application is effective to manage plant diseases. If the problem requires a fungicide, state law requires the user to read and follow all labels accordingly. For more information, read Proper fungicide use.
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