Encyclopedia Article

Apple (belongs to the Rose family, Rosaceae. Wild apples of Europe and Asia are genus Malus, species M. pumila.  Many cultivated apples are M. pumila)


Apples are one of the most valuable of all fruits that grow on trees, and have a rich history that dates back (some say) nearly to the dawn of time.  Religious books refer to apples in some of their earliest stories, ancient Greek mythology mentions apples, and many poets and storytellers throughout time have sung the praises of their beautiful blossoms and delicious fruit.  The apple came to the United States as an immigrant with some of the earliest white settlers, and now apple trees grow everywhere in the world, except for the very hottest and very coldest regions.

Hardiness- zone 3 to 10, depending on the species

Uses- Beautiful landscape feature with stunning spring blossoms, and also useful for the delicious apples they produce.  Apples can be eaten raw, dehydrated, baked into pies, or made into juices, jams and jellies.

Bloom Time- spring

Flower-Apple blossoms are much like wild rose blossoms

Size and shape- Dwarf varieties are 5 to 8 feet tall.  Semi-dwarf get to be 12 to 16 feet tall.  Standard varieties can grow to be 20 and 30 feet tall.

Culture- A seed from an apple will grow a tree if planted in proper conditions, but the fruit of that tree will often be smaller and poorer than the apple from which the seed was taken.  Therefore, apple trees are most often grown from buds.  A bud from a strong apple tree is made to grow on the roots of a seedling apple tree by a process called budding, which is a kind of grafting.