One of the most popular vegetables in the home garden is the "Irish" potato. A native of South America, the potato didn't become an important food crop until it was introduced to Ireland in the sixteenth century.
- 'Red Norland' is an early maturing red cultivar that produces oblong, smooth potatoes with shallow eyes. They are excellent boiled or mashed, but are only fair when baked.
- 'Red Gold' is an early season cultivar with light red skin and yellow flesh. The tubers are excellent for baking and boiling.
- 'Yukon Gold' is an early season yellow-fleshed cultivar. They are excellent baked, boiled, or mashed. The potatoes also store well.
- 'Russet Norkotah' is an early season russet cultivar that produces blocky, oblong potatoes. It is an excellent baking potato.
- 'Superior' is an early to mid-season cultivar with round to oblong tubers and medium deep eyes. The potatoes are very good baked, boiled, or mashed. It is resistant to scab.
- 'Goldrush' is a mid-season cultivar that produces oblong to oval tubers with a russet skin and white flesh. Baking quality is very good.
- 'Katahdin' is a late maturing white cultivar that produces smooth, round, shallow-eyed tubers. They are excellent for baking.
- 'Kennebec' is a late maturing white cultivar with block-shaped tubers and shallow eyes. Cooking quality is excellent.
- 'Red Pontiac' is a late maturing red cultivar. Potatoes are oblong with deep eyes. It produces high yields with many large tubers. Table quality is only fair. Storage quality is very good.
Links to this article are strongly encouraged, and this article may be republished without further permission if published as written and if credit is given to the author, Horticulture and Home Pest News, and Iowa State University Extension and Outreach. If this article is to be used in any other manner, permission from the author is required. This article was originally published on March 28, 2014. The information contained within may not be the most current and accurate depending on when it is accessed.