The following are highlights and updates about samples and questions recently received in the Plant & Insect Diagnostic Clinic:
We continue to get question about the abundance of fuzzy brown moths (FBM) this year. We do not yet know if there will be more caterpillar activity than normal, but speaking of FBM offspring we did get a photographic sample of a variegated cutworm.
The variegated cutworm is different from most cutworms in that it is a climbing cutworm that feeds above ground on many different vegetables and ornamentals. Favored plants include tomatoes, potatoes and hostas. See photos below.
We received a neat sample of eriophyid mite galls on a birch tree. Like all leaf galls, they are harmless and there are no practical controls. See below for pictures.
This has been a great year for the eastern tent caterpillars, the insect responsible for silken tents at the fork of the branches in apple, crabapple and Prunus trees. There are more tents in the landscape this year than we have seen in the past several. This might be a consequence of the mild winter, though it also indicates last summer was a good period for egg-laying by the adult moth. Given enough time and caterpillars, the eastern tent caterpillar can defoliate a tree. This is stressful but not fatal. One control option is to scrape the tent down at night when the caterpillars are inside and discard in the trash or in a far-away part of the yard. Spraying the tree is an option but usually more trouble than it is worth. See our Insect Notes for more information.
Spring is here, plants are growing and so are the diseases. We received a sample with iris leaf spot, one of the most common leaf disease or iris.
We have received a sample of bur oak blight, which we diagnosed from a branch, leaf symptoms will not be apparent until later in the summer.
Some coleus came in this week with downy mildew.
We continue to receive samples with freeze damage.
Tiny, orange eriophyid mite inside a cut open gall.