Apple Varieties and Their Uses

News Article

Fall is my favorite time of year with cool, crisp nights and warm, sunny, dry days. These conditions are not only pleasant and enjoyable for many outdoor activities, they are also ideal for apples to ripen.

Soon apple growers throughout the state will be harvesting several different apple varieties. Unlike the limited selection found on produce shelves most of the year, their offerings may include twenty or more different varieties, each with a little different flavor, texture , fruit color, and use. Take advantage of this selection and try some of the locally grown apples. The Iowa Department of Agriculture and Land Stewardship has prepared a brochure, Iowa Fall Produce Directory 1997, that contains information about 200 different producers in 69 counties. It includes the names, addresses, and hours of operation of producers that are selling apples, pumpkins, and winter squash. This directory is available by writing to the Iowa Department of Agriculture and Land Stewardship, Wallace Office Building, Des Moines, IA 50319.

Below is a list of the characteristics and uses of some apple varieties that can be found in Iowa orchards and markets this fall.

 

Variety Maturity Texture Flavor Storage life Uses Remarks  
Paulared Late Aug. Crisp Slightly tart Short Fresh  
Wealthy Late Aug. - early Sept. Tender Slightly tart Short Cooking, fresh  
Gala Late Aug. - early Sept. Crisp Slightly sweetShort Cooking Orange/red; yellow flesh
McIntosh Early to mid-Sept. Tender Slightly tart Moderate Cooking, fresh Bright red  
Jonadel Mid - late Sept. Tender Slightly sweet Good Cooking, fresh ISU release in 1958; red fruit  
Haralson Mid - late Sept. Crisp Tart Excellent Cooking, fresh White, firm flesh  
Cortland Mid - late Sept. Crisp Slightly tart Good Cooking, fresh White flesh that is slow to darken when cut
Honeygold Mid - late Sept. Crisp Slightly sweet Good Cooking, fresh  
Jonafree Mid - late Sept. Tender Slightly tart Good Cooking, fresh  
Jonathan Mid - late Sept. Tender Slightly tart Moderate Cooking, fresh  
Jonagold Late Sept -early Oct. Tender Slightly tart Good Cooking, fresh Large yellow fruit with red striping  
Chieftain Late Sept. - early Oct. Crisp Slightly tart Good Cooking, fresh ISU release in 1966; large red fruit
Spartan Mid - late Sept. Tender Slightly tart Good Cooking, fresh  
Liberty Late Sept. - early Oct. Crisp Slightly tart Good Fresh Greenish yellow with red stripes  
Red Delicious Late Sept. - early Oct. Crisp Sweet Excellent Cooking, fresh  
Golden Delicious Late Sept. - early Oct. Tender Sweet Excellent Cooking, fresh  
Golden Grimes Late Sept. Crisp Slightly tart Excellent Cooking, fresh  
Rome Beauty Late Sept. Tender Slightly tart Good Cooking  
Mutsu Mid - late Oct. Crisp Slightly tart Excellent Cooking, fresh Yellow-green fruit  

This article originally appeared in the September 12, 1997 issue, pp. 138-139.

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